Participles, Definition, Examples, Uses, Rules, Exercise or worksheet, pdf

Participles are a type of verb that is added to another verb to change the meaning of the main verb in a sentence. There are many different types of Participles including gerunds and participles as well as the various types of Present and Past participles.

A participle is a word that describes a verb or adjective. Here’s a list of participles with examples that can help you learn how to identify them.

is a tense used in English to show the action of a verb as in “She ran quickly.” The past participle (-ed) is formed by adding the suffix  -ed to the verb stem of a verb. In addition to past participles, there are other ways to express the action of a verb in the present or future tense.

definition, examples of participles, practice or workbook for students in class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, use, rules pdf. Definition: A participle is a word that has the properties of a verb and an adjective. Therefore, it is called a verbal adjective. alt=Principles, definition, examples, use, rules, exercise or worksheet width=560 height=315 data-attachment-id=2163 data-permalink= data-orig-file= data-orig-size=560,315 data-comments-opened=1 data-image-meta={ data-image-title=Principles, definition, examples, use, rules, exercise or worksheet data-image-description= data-media-file= data-large-file= data-recalc-dims=1 data-ez= data-ezsrc= /> Examples:

  1. I saw a woman with a baby.
  2. After he spoke angrily to me, my father asked me to leave the house.
  3. After I graduated, I applied for a job.

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Participant type:

In English, there are three types of participles, namely.

  1. present participle
  2. past participle
  3. past participle

For more information on these three species, see below.

present participle

The present participle is formed with the verb ing to indicate an ongoing, incomplete, or imperfect action. Example of present participle

  1. When we heard the noise, we rushed out of the restaurant.
  2. Convinced that all was well, he went to bed.

In the above sentences, V1 + ing indicates an ongoing or incomplete action.

past participle

The past participle ends in ed, d, t, or n and is used to indicate a completed action. Example of past participle

  1. Overwhelmed by poverty, he committed suicide.
  2. Betrayed by his best friend, he got into trouble.

In the sentences above, V3 shows an action that was completed before the second action occurred. V3′ is called a past participle.

A past participle

The past participle is formed by have + verb to indicate an action completed in the past. Example of a past participle

  1. Once they were done with that, they went to work.
  2. After a rest, they went on their way again.

The sentences above show an action that took place in the past. To do this, we use Having + V3 (past participle).

Use of participles

The proper use of participles, where we should use participles according to the condition or sentence, let us begin.


Partials are used as simple adjectives. Examples: Pleasant personality, Useful work, Interesting record, Famous poet, Fascinating history, Developed nation.

Use 2

Directly with a noun or pronoun Examples:

  1. Looking at the beautiful picture, I dropped the cup in my hand,
  2. I put the paper aside and closed my eyes.
  3. She quit her job and stayed home to take care of her daughter.

Use 3

As a complement of the verb Examples:

  1. Padma looks worried.
  2. Raju looks frustrated.
  3. We found him writing.

Use 4

Absolute with a noun or pronoun Examples:

  1. The weather was good and we went out.
  2. After the arrival of the chief guest, the ceremony began.
  3. As an experienced writer, we asked him to join the discussion.

Message: An absolute sentence can be transformed into a subordinate sentence. Examples:

  1. We left because the weather was nice.
  2. When the chief guest arrived, they began the ceremony.
  3. We asked him to participate in the discussion because he is a good writer.

Message: The participle is a verbal adjective, so it must be paired with a noun. It must have a corresponding reference object. Examples:

  1. Because it was a rainy day, we stayed inside. (False)
  2. Because it was a rainy day, we stayed inside. (on the right)
  3. While I was waiting for the bus, a brick fell on me. (False)
  4. While I was waiting for the bus, a brick fell on me. (on the right)

Message: Sometimes executions like the above are possible. Examples:

  1. A total concession of 50% is allowed.
  2. From a technical standpoint, the computer is a great invention.
  3. Her qualifications make her a good candidate for this position.

In the examples, consider everything means consider everything, and talk technically means talk technically.

Use 5

Formation of the present and past tense of the continuation form Examples:

  1. I teach.
  2. We read.
  3. They’re waiting.


  1. I consulted a doctor.
  2. We made music.
  3. The doctor looked at the x-rays.

Use 6

Forming the present and past tense Examples:

  1. I lived in America for five years.
  2. We have been at this school since 1990.
  3. You just finished a letter.


  1. I saw Madhavi before she got married.
  2. We arrived at the stadium just as the game was starting.
  3. After graduation, he opened a school.

Use 7

To create passive guarantees Examples:

  1. I know about her wedding.
  2. We were told to wait in the lounge.
  3. He is being punished for neglecting his work.

Rules for participles


Since the participle is a verbal adjective, it must be connected to a noun or pronoun. In other words, it must always have a corresponding reference object. Examples:

  1. It was a very hot day and I stayed in my house. (False)
  2. It was a very hot day and I stayed in my house.

(Right, because the participle has no word to refer to).

  1. As he sat by the door, he was stung by a scorpion. (False)
  2. As he sat by the door, a scorpion stung him.

(Right, because the participle of sit does not reflect who was at the door). (At first glance, the sentence sounds like a scorpion sitting at the door, which is absurd).

Rule 2

The present participle cannot be used to express an action that is not concurrent with that of the main verb. Examples:

  1. He flew to Washington on Sunday and arrived on Monday night (False).
  2. He flew to Washington on Sunday and arrived there on Monday night. (right)

Rule 3

The past participle indicates the completed action or state of what is said. Examples: (a) Blinded by a gust of wind, they fell in disorder. (b) Insulted by his friends, he left the party.

Rule 4

The past participle denotes an action completed at a certain point in the past. Examples: a) When they finished their work, they went home. (6) After signing the documents, he shook hands with the members of the delegation.

Rule 5

Participles such as about, relate to, consider, take, speak, touch because of may not be used in conjunction with a noun or pronoun. Examples: a) Given his talents, he should have done better. b) As for your problems, there’s not much to be done at this point.

Rule 6

If a participle is used, there must be a strong subject. Examples: a) On the way home, the moon was hidden behind the clouds. (Wrong; because we don’t know who is going home). When he got home, the moon had disappeared behind the clouds. (on the right) Or When he got home, he saw that the moon was hidden behind the clouds. (on the right)

Exercise or worksheet on participles


Combine pairs of sentences with present participles:

1. She was reading a book. I saw it.
2. They were playing chess. We found it.
3. The children were playing in the garden. We’ve discovered them.
4. Padma was waiting for the bus. I found it.
5. The police arrested him. We have observed.
6. He read my diary. I’ve got it.
7. She took the money out of her pocket. Your husband saw it.
8. Madhavi spoke to her friend. I can hear them.
9. He was the director of the film. We observed it.
10. The dog barked at the postman. We’ve noticed.
11. The boy climbed a tree. That’s what we saw.
12. He was on his way to the hotel. I’ve noticed.
13. She filled out a questionnaire. I found it.
14. They played cricket on the field. I saw it.
15. They laughed. They spoke. They drank and ate. I found all this stuff.

Exercise 2

Fill in the blanks with the present participle:

  1. I saw her at _____ speaking English to school children.
  2. _____ language, I encountered many problems in Delhi.
  3. _____ money and _____ friends, I didn’t know what to do.
  4. _____ Along the road, we saw a dead snake.
  5. We found Krishna _____ His sister.
  6. I saw that Madhu _____ was holding the baby.
  7. _____ through the window, he found the car in front of his house.
  8. _____ she is the right person for the job, I sent her a call for an interview.
  9. _____ I put down the paper and look at the front door.
  10. _____ that she loves me, I asked her to marry me.

Exercise 3

Correct the following sentences:

  1. It was a beautiful day and we got to work.
  2. I don’t have to work on a holiday.
  3. After his first attempt failed, he made no further attempts.
  4. As I had no friends in Delhi, I could not recognize the streets.
  5. When he was waiting for a friend at the bus stop, a stone was thrown at him.
  6. Looking out the window, the lizard crawled up the wall.
  7. As I walked down the street, there was a dead body on the ground.
  8. On the way home from work, a bicycle tire bursts.
  9. When we entered the room, the light was dim.

Communion Pdf

Communion Communion pdf download (431 downloads)Do you know what is a participle? If not, you should learn, as they are very important parts of English grammar. Basically, a participle is an adjective form of a verb. E.g. “I saw the dog running.” It is the form of the verb which is used to describe an action which is in progress.  There are many forms of participles, some of which you may already be familiar with, such as the present and past ditto forms of “run”, as well as the future “will run” form. Here are some more common ones. To learn how to make these using the present simple form of the verb, click here .. Read more about participle clauses pdf and let us know what you think.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are participles with examples?

Participles are adjectives that function as adjectives in a sentence. They are used to modify the main verb of a sentence. The word “participle” comes from the Latin word “participere” which means “to participate.” In other words, a participle is a noun that participates in the meaning of the sentence. Participles are used in several different ways in the English language They can either be used as adjectives, verbs, or nouns, including as the subject, object, or indirect object of a verb.

What are the rules of participles?

Participles are used often in our daily language. They are used to describe actions as well as events. For example: “They came for dinner.” “They are coming for dinner.” They can also be used to describe states: “We are in a state of war.” “We are at war.” They can be used to describe time: “We are on vacation now.” “We are on vacation now.” Participles are adjectives that describe nouns. For example, the adjective “nice” describes things like “a nice hat,” “a nice day” or “a Nice Place ” English has two participles: the present participle and the past participle. However, some languages such as Spanish, Italian, German, and French have three participles: the present, past and perfect participle.

What is the definition of participle?

Participles are a word that are used in various grammatical situations, such as in sentences and in the middle of clauses, depending on the context. They are also called gerunds.  Participles are also called verbal nouns. They usually function as adjectives, but in some cases they can be used as nouns.  They can function as nouns as in “the running boy” or they can function as adjectives as in “the running girl”. Different types of participles are described below. Adjective (adjective participle) Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples:

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