* a 2,000-year-old cemetery can’t have an origin *

* Domesticated cows, desert sheep used as parchment. *

A genetic sample of the Dead Sea Scrolls verified that artifacts dating back 2,000 years ago were the work of a fringe Jewish sect and shed light on the scriptures around the time of the birth of Christianity.

Research that proves the origin of certain scrolls by identifying the animal skins used can also help protect valuable biblical relics from forgery.

Tanya Beatler, senior curator at the Dead Sea Scrolls Laboratory of the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), is studying a fragment of the Dead Sea Scrolls that has been genetically extracted to shed light on a 2,000-year-old biblical treasure discovered on May 2. June 2020 at the IAA laboratory in Jerusalem. Reuter/Tones tone
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Reuter
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The Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of hundreds of manuscripts and thousands of fragments of ancient Jewish religious texts, were discovered in 1947 by local Bedouins in the crevices of the Qumran Desert, about 20 km (12 miles) east of Jerusalem.

Many researchers believe that the scrolls were made by the hermit Essen, apart from the Jewish stream. However, some researchers claim that Qumran had several authors and may have been taken from Jerusalem for storage.

DNA sequencing performed by Tel Aviv University and the Israel Antiquities Authority has enabled a more accurate match or differentiation of roles.

While the sheepskin may have been made on some scrolls in the desert, the cowhide – found in at least two monsters – was more typical of cities like Jerusalem, where the Jews had their second temple at the time and were under Roman rule.

Fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls, genetically extracted to shed light on a 2,000-year-old biblical treasure, were presented to Reuters on the second anniversary of the Dead Sea Scrolls. June 2020 at the laboratory of the Israeli Antiquities Authority (IAA) in Jerusalem. Reuters/Rons Swooloon

The material itself, the biological material from which the roles are made, is just as eloquent and informative as the content of the text, according to Reuters Noam Mizrahi, Professor of Biblical Studies at the University of Tel Aviv.

Israeli researchers, supported by a Swedish DNA laboratory, discovered that two different copies of Jeremiah’s book had been brought to Qumran.

According to the researchers, these findings indicate that the formulation of the Jewish texts was subject to variation and interpretation – in contrast to later ideas that the Scriptures were immutable.

According to Mizrahi, the lesson is that Jewish society in the Second Temple was much more plural and diverse than many of us think.

Small pieces of parchment – or just dust – were taken away for testing. This process could be a god to discover forgeries, such as five alleged Dead Sea Scrolls removed from the Bible Museum in Washington, D.C. in 2018.

A fragment of the Dead Sea Scrolls, genetically extracted to shed light on a 2,000-year-old biblical treasure, was presented to Reuters on December 2. June 2020 at the laboratory of the Israeli Antiquities Authority (IAA) in Jerusalem. Reuters/Rons Swooloon

Since we can distinguish the manuscripts that come from Qumran from other manuscripts, we think this may help in the future to identify the real and false parts of the manuscripts, said Oded Rechavi, professor of neurobiology at the University of Tel Aviv.

(This story was published by a telegraphic agency without the text being changed. Only the title has been changed).

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