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Ex-Facebook CPO Chris Cox now advises on climate & campaign tech – TechCrunch

Chris Cox’s motivational speeches were at the heart of Facebook’s new employee orientation. But after 14 years at the social network, the Chief Product Officer left in March amidst an executive shake-up and Facebook’s new plan to prioritize privacy by moving to encrypt its messaging apps. No details on his next projects were revealed.

Now the 37-year-old leader will be putting his inspirational demeanor and keen strategy sense to work to protect the environment and improve the government. Today at Wired25 conference, Cox finally shared more about his work advising political technology developer for progressives Acronym, and climate change-tracking satellite startup Planet Labs. He also explained more about the circumstances of his departure from social network’s C-suite.

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA – NOVEMBER 08: Chris Cox speaks onstage at the WIRED25 Summit 2019 – Day 1 at Commonwealth Club on November 08, 2019 in San Francisco, California. (Photo by Phillip Faraone/Getty Images for WIRED)

Leaving Facebook

On how he felt leaving Facebook, Cox said “part of the reason I was okay leaving was that after 2016 I’d spent a couple years building out a bunch of the teams that I felt were most important to sort of take the lessons that we learned through some of 2016 and start to put in place institutions that can help the company, be more responsible and be a better communicator on some of the key issues.”

As for what specifically drove him to leave, Cox explained that “It wasn’t something where I felt I wanted to spend another 13 years on social media. Mark and I saw things a little bit differently . . . I think we are still investigating as an industry, how do you balance protecting the privacy of people’s information and continuing to keep people safe” Cox said.

On whether moving towards encryption was part of that, he said he thinks encryption is “great: and that “It offers an enormous amount of protection” but noted “it certainly makes some of those things more complicated” on the privacy vs safety balance. He complemented Facebook’s efforts to build ways of catching bad actors even if they’re shielded by encryption. That includes digital literacy initiatives in Brazil and India ahead of elections, and offering forwarding systems for sending questionable information to fact checkers. “I think there are pros and cons with these systems and I’m not a hard-liner on any one of them” Cox said, and noted that what Facebook is building is “resonant with what people want.”

Cox was asked about the major debate about whether Facebook should allow political advertising. “We think political advertising can be good and helpful. It often favors up and comers versus incumbents.” Still, on fact-checking, he said “I’m a big fan” even though Facebook isn’t applying that to political ads. He did note that “I think the company should investigate and is investigating micro targeting . . . if there’s hundreds of variants being run of the creative then it’s tricky to get your arms around what’s being said.” He also advocated for more context in the user interface distinguishing political ads.

Chris Cox speaks at Wired25

Cox’s Next Projects

Since leaving Facebook, Cox has joined the advisory board of a group called Acronym which is helping to build out the campaign and messaging technology stack for progressive candidates. “This is an area where my perception is that the progressives have been behind on the ability to develop and use as a team infrastructure that helps you have a good voter file, how to develop messaging — just basic politics in 2019.”

Wired’s Lauren Goode asked if he was aligning himself with progressives, taking a political stance, and whether he could do that while still at Facebook. “Absolutely not” Cox responded. “And why is that I think when you’re in a very senior role at a platform, you have a duty to be much more neutral in your politics.”

He then came out with a bold statement enabled by his independence. “I think Trump should not be our President. The other thing I care a lot about right now is climate change and he’s not going to help us there.”

That led to Cox discussing that he’s also been working to advise San Francisco startup Planet Labs which is using satellite imagery to track climate change. “The vision was to build these small, about shoebox-size satellites with solar panel panel wings and have a fleet of them in space, which is real-time imaging the earth.”

With that data, Cox explained you can track wildfires, deforestation, coal power plants, methane gas, and more. Then, “You can start to contribute to having a health system, where you basically imaging the earth every hour, and then you’re creating some public data set with tools that plug into decision makers banks, insurance companies, policymakers, investors, journalists, students…”

Asked about big tech’s responsibility for addressing climate change, Cox said “I think at the very least it’s making a commitment to being carbon-negative.”

Acronym and Planet Labs’ work intertwines, as Cox believes climate data proves the need for someone new in the Oval Office. While Cox didn’t discuss it on stage, Wired listed him as part of Shasta Group, which is Cox’s own vehicle for contributing to these projects. Still, he’s not ready to launch a full-fledged company of his own in politics and climate. “I’m still so young at this field that I don’t have enough confidence in my own mental model of the world.”

Cox concluded that by harnessing big company’s employees and having team leaders put more attention on climate change, “I do think tech can lead.”

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Android phones can be tricked into snooping on their owners”},”content”:{“rendered”:”

Security researchers have found several popular Android phones can be tricked into snooping on their owners by exploiting a weakness that gives accessories access to the phone’s underlying baseband software.n

Attackers can use that access to trick vulnerable phones into giving up their unique identifiers, such as their IMEI and IMSI numbers, downgrade a target’s connection in order to intercept phone calls, forward calls to another phone or block all phone calls and internet access altogether.n

The research, shared exclusively with TechCrunch, affects at least 10 popular Android devices, including Google’s Pixel 2, Huawei’s Nexus 6P and Samsung’s Galaxy S8+.n

The vulnerabilities are found in the interface used to communicate with the baseband firmware, the software that allows the phone’s modem to communicate with the cell network, such as making phone calls or connecting to the internet. Given its importance, the baseband is typically off-limits from the rest of the device, including its apps, and often come with command blacklisting to prevent non-critical commands from running. But the researchers found that many Android phones inadvertently allow Bluetooth and USB accessories u2014 like headphones and headsets u2014 access to the baseband. By exploiting a vulnerable accessory, an attacker can run commands on a connected Android phone.n

“The impact of these attacks ranges from sensitive user information exposure to complete service disruption,” said Syed Rafiul Hussain and Imtiaz Karim, two co-authors of the research, in an email to TechCrunch.n

Hussain and his colleagues Imtiaz Karim, Fabrizio Cicala and Elisa Bertino at Purdue University and Omar Chowdhury at the University of Iowa are set to present their findings next month.n

n

“The impact of these attacks ranges from sensitive user information exposure to complete service disruption.”
nSyed Rafiul Hussain, Imtiaz Karimnn

Baseband firmware accepts special commands, known as AT commands, which control the deviceu2019s cellular functions. These commands can be used to tell the modem which phone number to call. But the researchers found that these commands can be manipulated. The researchers developed a tool, dubbed ATFuzzer, which tries to find potentially problematic AT commands.n

In their testing, the researchers discovered 14 commands that could be used to trick the vulnerable Android phones into leaking sensitive device data, and manipulating phone calls.n

But not all devices are vulnerable to the same commands or can be manipulated in the same way. The researchers found, for example, that certain commands could trick a Galaxy S8+ phone into leaking its IMEI number, redirect phone calls to another phone and downgrade their cellular connection u2014 all of which can be used to snoop and listen in on phone calls, such as with specialist cellular snooping hardware known as “stingrays.” Other devices were not vulnerable to call manipulation but were susceptible to commands that could be used to block internet connectivity and phone calls.n

The vulnerabilities are not difficult to exploit, but require all of the right conditions to be met.n

“The attacks can be easily carried out by an adversary with cheap Bluetooth connectors or by setting up a malicious USB charging station,” said Hussain and Karim. In other words, it’s possible to manipulate a phone if an accessory is accessible over the internet u2014 such as a computer. Or, if a phone is connected to a Bluetooth device, an attacker has to be in close proximity. (Bluetooth attacks are not difficult, given vulnerabilities in how some devices implement Bluetooth has left some devices more vulnerable to attacks than others.)n

“If your smartphone is connected with a headphone or any other Bluetooth device, the attacker can first exploit the inherent vulnerabilities of the Bluetooth connection and then inject those malformed AT commands,” the researchers said..n

Samsung recognized the vulnerabilities in some of its devices and is rolling out patches. Huawei did not comment at the time of writing. Google said: “The issues reported are either in compliance with the Bluetooth specification or do not reproduce on Pixel devices with up to date security patches.”n

Hussain said that iPhones were not affected by the vulnerabilities.n

This research becomes the latest to examine vulnerabilities in baseband firmware. Over the years there have been several papers examining various phones and devices with baseband vulnerabilities. Although these reports are rare, security researchers have long warned that intelligence agencies and hackers alike could be using these flaws to launch silent attacks.n

n

New flaws in 4G, 5G allow attackers to intercept calls and track phone locationsn

n”,”protected”:false},”excerpt”:{“rendered”:”

Security researchers have found several popular Android phones can be tricked into snooping on their owners by exploiting a weakness that gives accessories access to the phone’s underlying baseband software. 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Zack Whittaker is the security editor at TechCrunch. You can send tips securely via Signal and WhatsApp to +1 646-755-8849, and his PGP fingerprint for email is: 4D0E 92F2 E36A EC51 DAAE 5D97 CB8C 15FA EB6C EEA5.nn

He can also be reached by email: [email protected]”,”cbAvatar”:”https://crunchbase-production-res.cloudinary.com/image/upload/arqrabrudwyofg3sb2pl”,”twitter”:”zackwhittaker”,”_links”:{“self”:[{“href”:”https://techcrunch.com/wp-json/tc/v1/users/133574210″}],”collection”:[{“href”:”https://techcrunch.com/wp-json/tc/v1/users”}]}}],”author”:[{“id”:133574210″name”:”ZackWhittaker””url”:”””description”:”ZackWhittakerwritesaboutcybersecurityforTechCrunchYoucansendtipssecurelyviaSignalandWhatsAppto+1646-755-8849andhisPGPfingerprintforemailis:4D0E92F2E36AEC51DAAE5D97CB8C15FAEB6CEEA5rnrnHecanalsobereachedbyemail:[email protected]””link”:”https://techcrunchcom/author/zack-whittaker/””slug”:”zack-whittaker””avatar_urls”:{“24″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=24&d=identicon&r=g””48″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=48&d=identicon&r=g””96″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=96&d=identicon&r=g”}”links”:{“homepage”:”https://techcrunchcom/author/zack-whittaker/””facebook”:”https://wwwfacebookcom/zackwhittaker””twitter”:”https://twittercom/zackwhittaker””linkedin”:”https://wwwlinkedincom/in/zackwhittaker/””crunchbase”:”https://wwwcrunchbasecom/person/zack-whittaker”}”position”:”SecurityEditor””cbDescription”:”[{“id”:133574210″name”:”ZackWhittaker””url”:”””description”:”ZackWhittakerwritesaboutcybersecurityforTechCrunchYoucansendtipssecurelyviaSignalandWhatsAppto+1646-755-8849andhisPGPfingerprintforemailis:4D0E92F2E36AEC51DAAE5D97CB8C15FAEB6CEEA5rnrnHecanalsobereachedbyemail:[email protected]””link”:”https://techcrunchcom/author/zack-whittaker/””slug”:”zack-whittaker””avatar_urls”:{“24″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=24&d=identicon&r=g””48″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=48&d=identicon&r=g””96″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=96&d=identicon&r=g”}”links”:{“homepage”:”https://techcrunchcom/author/zack-whittaker/””facebook”:”https://wwwfacebookcom/zackwhittaker””twitter”:”https://twittercom/zackwhittaker””linkedin”:”https://wwwlinkedincom/in/zackwhittaker/””crunchbase”:”https://wwwcrunchbasecom/person/zack-whittaker”}”position”:”SecurityEditor””cbDescription”:”[{“id”:133574210″name”:”ZackWhittaker””url”:”””description”:”ZackWhittakerwritesaboutcybersecurityforTechCrunchYoucansendtipssecurelyviaSignalandWhatsAppto+1646-755-8849andhisPGPfingerprintforemailis:4D0E92F2E36AEC51DAAE5D97CB8C15FAEB6CEEA5rnrnHecanalsobereachedbyemail:[email protected]””link”:”https://techcrunchcom/author/zack-whittaker/””slug”:”zack-whittaker””avatar_urls”:{“24″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=24&d=identicon&r=g””48″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=48&d=identicon&r=g””96″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=96&d=identicon&r=g”}”links”:{“homepage”:”https://techcrunchcom/author/zack-whittaker/””facebook”:”https://wwwfacebookcom/zackwhittaker””twitter”:”https://twittercom/zackwhittaker””linkedin”:”https://wwwlinkedincom/in/zackwhittaker/””crunchbase”:”https://wwwcrunchbasecom/person/zack-whittaker”}”position”:”SecurityEditor””cbDescription”:”[{“id”:133574210″name”:”ZackWhittaker””url”:”””description”:”ZackWhittakerwritesaboutcybersecurityforTechCrunchYoucansendtipssecurelyviaSignalandWhatsAppto+1646-755-8849andhisPGPfingerprintforemailis:4D0E92F2E36AEC51DAAE5D97CB8C15FAEB6CEEA5rnrnHecanalsobereachedbyemail:[email protected]””link”:”https://techcrunchcom/author/zack-whittaker/””slug”:”zack-whittaker””avatar_urls”:{“24″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=24&d=identicon&r=g””48″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=48&d=identicon&r=g””96″:”https://securegravatarcom/avatar/9c6f2f007a1fadfcf4f9da867130c493?s=96&d=identicon&r=g”}”links”:{“homepage”:”https://techcrunchcom/author/zack-whittaker/””facebook”:”https://wwwfacebookcom/zackwhittaker””twitter”:”https://twittercom/zackwhittaker””linkedin”:”https://wwwlinkedincom/in/zackwhittaker/””crunchbase”:”https://wwwcrunchbasecom/person/zack-whittaker”}”position”:”SecurityEditor””cbDescription”:”

Zack Whittaker is the security editor at TechCrunch. You can send tips securely via Signal and WhatsApp to +1 646-755-8849, and his PGP fingerprint for email is: 4D0E 92F2 E36A EC51 DAAE 5D97 CB8C 15FA EB6C EEA5.nn

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Crunch: YouTube redesigns its homepage”},”content”:{“rendered”:”

The Daily Crunch is TechCrunch’s roundup of our biggest and most important stories. If you’d like to get this delivered to your inbox every day at around 9am Pacific, you can subscribe here.n

1. YouTubeu2019s homepage redesign focuses on usability, giving you control over recommendationsn

The company announced an updated, cleaner design that does away with information density, instead giving more room to the videos and their titles. Other new features include an u201cAdd to Queueu201d option on the desktop, a desktop version of YouTubeu2019s stop suggesting feature and more.n

The design changes, which started rolling out yesterday, are focused on the desktop and tablet versions of YouTube, not the YouTube mobile website or app.n

2. Disney+ will launch in the UK, Germany, Italy, France and Spain in March 2020n

Disney has revealed more details about its international streaming plans. Keep in mind, though, that Disney+ won’t be exactly the same in every territory, thanks to rights/licensing deals that may already be in place.n

3. How Microsoft is trying to become more innovativen

Across the board, the company is trying to find ways to become more innovative, especially around its work in AI. Microsoft is unusually open about this process, too, and actually made it a focus at this week’s Ignite conference. (Extra Crunch membership required.)n

4. Alibaba to invest $3.3B to bump its stake in logistics unit Cainiaon

Alibaba is doubling down on its logistics affiliate Cainiao, two years after acquiring a majority stake in the firm. The Chinese giant said today it would invest an additional 23.3 billion yuan (about $3.33 billion) to raise its equity in Cainiao to 63%.n

5. Kepler achieves a world-first for satellite broadband with 100Mbps connection to the Arcticn

This is the first time thereu2019s been a high-bandwidth satellite network for any central Arctic ground-based use, Kepler says, and this connection isnu2019t just a technical demo: itu2019s being used for the hundreds of researchers in the MOSAiC team.n

6. Google hires former Disney and Star executive to head its India businessn

Sanjayu00a0Gupta previously served as a managing director at Disney India and Disney-owned Star. He’ll be replacing Rajan Anandan, who left the company to join VC fund Sequoia Capital.n

7. Sir Martin Sorrellu2019s Silicon Valley charm offensiven

Sir Martin Sorrell has enjoyed huge success, having built the worldu2019s biggest advertising conglomerate, WPP, over 32 years. Heu2019s also out for revenge, after he left WPP due to allegations of misconduct.n

n”,”protected”:false},”excerpt”:{“rendered”:”

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To learn more about the next wave of consumer startup investment outside Silicon Valley, Iu2019m speaking to leading B2C-focused investors in various hubs about the trends they’re excited about right now.u00a0n

Recently, I shared the responses from several London-based investors; today, we spoke to eight of New Yorku2019s top consumer VCs:n

    n

  • Rebecca Kaden, Partner at Union Square Venturesn
  • David Tisch, Founding Partner at BoxGroupn
  • Anu Duggal, Founding Partner at Female Founders Fundn
  • Craig Shapiro, Partner at Collaborative Fundn
  • Jeremy Levine, Partner at Bessemern
  • Beth Ferreira, Partner at Firstmark Capitaln
  • Graham Brown, Partner at Lerer Hippeau Venturesn
  • Eric Reiner, Partner at Sinai Venturesn
  • Chris Paik, Partner at Pace Capitalnn

    Consumer health and banking startups were recurring areas of interest, and there’s a sense that apps and product brands which provide a deeper sense of community are an untapped opportunity.n

    Rebecca Kaden, Partner at Union Square Venturesn

    At USV, we are focused on opportunities that broaden access by leveraging technology to increase value and decrease cost in big buckets of consumer spend. In doing so, we are looking for ways to make products and services previously available to a select segment available to many more. In particular, we have been investing in areas of consumer health where the delivery mechanism not only makes the care more convenient but also more affordable and higher quality; products and platforms in financial services that change the traditional underlying model to drive financial health for a mass customer; and opportunities that create new access to education both for kids and lifelong learners.u00a0n

    Within each of these segments, I’ve been very interested in how new communities are forming inside products–users that come for a specific offering are forming allegiance and increasing engagement by interacting with other users. I think that is a trend we will only see accelerate.n

    David Tisch, Founding Partner at BoxGroupn

    People are bored on their phones, not of their phones. I am most excited to meet founders working on consumer apps that bring happiness and fun to a mass consumer audience, as I continue to believe we are in the early days of mobile and the app store is not dead.n

    These apps may look like a game, they may be a game, or they may be a new feed, but TikTok, Twitch, HQ, Yolo and other Snap app kit apps, Tinder and others have shown consumers want new apps, the barrier for adoption and retention isu00a0 just very high. All apps and games have a half-life, creating something with a very long one is really hard, but the demand is sitting on the phone scrolling thorough feeds, waiting for some new fun. We are excited about apps that allow people to interact with others in different ways, in new worlds, using new hardware, or new interfaces.n

    n

    London’s top consumer VCs share which trends they’re trackingn

    n

    Anu Duggal, Founding Partner at Female Founders Fundn

    With the rise of the sober curious movement, we invested in Kin Euphorics, offering consumers a sexy option to an alcoholic drink, creating a social experience around a non-alcoholic beverage that doesnu2019t exist in the market today. With beer sales decreasing five years in a row, brands like Heineken are offering alcohol-free alternatives catering to this growing audience.n

    With the decline of religion, we have seen the rise of what we call the u201crise of the alternate community.u201d Consumers are looking for ways to connect online and offline based on specific interests. Examples of this in our portfolio include The Wonder, a membership model for familyhood, Peanut, a social network for modern motherhood, and Co-Star, an astrology app.

    “,”protected”:false},”excerpt”:{“rendered”:”

    To learn more about the next wave of consumer startup investment outside Silicon Valley, Iu2019m speaking to leading B2C-focused investors in various hubs about the trends they’re excited about right now.u00a0 Recently, I shared the responses from several London-based investors; today, we spoke to eight of New Yorku2019s top consumer VCs: Rebecca Kaden, Partner at […]n”,”protected”:false},”author”:133574219,”featured_media”:1907549,”comment_status”:”open”,”ping_status”:”closed”,”sticky”:false,”template”:””,”format”:”standard”,”meta”:{“outcome”:””,”status”:””,”crunchbase_tag”:0,”amp_status”:””,”relegenceEntities”:[],”relegenceSubjects”:[],”jetpack_publicize_message”:”A look at the top trends exciting NYC’s consumer VCs https://tcrn.ch/34DJOtS by 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Academy is scaling up a coding program for ‘the heartland’”},”content”:{“rendered”:”

    The crowded landscape of programs teaching non-technical people to become software developers has been a proving ground for a new model of education financing: income share agreements (ISAs). With an ISA, students avoid paying tuition upfront or taking out private loans, instead paying a percentage of their income for a time after graduation after they’re earning a minimum income.n

    The model aligns education providers with students’ career outcomes, and one startup is staking a claim to be the leader in the space; Kenzie Academy, a year-long program with a physical campus in Indianapolis u2014 and a student body that’s 66 percent online u2014 announced a partnership with Community Investment Management (CIM) earlier this week that provides $100 million in debt to cover the operating costs associated with students who defer payment through ISAs.n

    Kenzie co-founder and CEO Chok Ooi says that core to Kenzie’s mission is the goal that its graduates “can stay in the heartland and attract more jobs so that someone coming out of the Midwest no longer has to move to Silicon Valley or New York to have a successful career in tech.” This $100 million is one of the largest commitments yet to financing ISAs and Kenzie is using it to recruit a more diverse population of students who may not be able to afford tuition or qualify for student loans otherwise.n

    I interviewed Ooi to understand how Kenzie differentiates itself from competitors, how it has iterated its model to improve retention and job placement and how he expects the ISA market to evolve over the next couple years. Here’s the transcript of our conversation, edited for length and clarity:n

    Eric Peckham: The landscape of software developer training programs is crowded. Where did you see an opportunity to do something different, and how do you position Kenzie relative to others in the market?n

    Chok Ooi: My co-founder came from Galvanize, so we observed firsthand the proliferation of tech and coding boot camps. These are typically short-term, three-to-five month programs and they tend to do well serving people with college degrees. I would say that they are disrupting the masters’ program space. We saw a major gap in programs that serve a much larger demographic of people who are much earlier in their development. People who never went to college, or did a little bit of college and dropped out, or just never had a professional work experience. A three-month training is insufficient to get them to a point where they could land a technical job and be successful.n

    We saw an opportunity to bring high-quality tech education to the American heartland that is 12 months in length. For about two-thirds of our students, this is their first post-secondary credential training.n

    We are giving them not just the technical skills, but elements from a traditional four-year college as well, like critical thinking, problem-solving and communication skills.n

    Compared to those other bootcamps or training programs, is Kenzie targeting different job outcomes for its graduates?n

    We did a survey of our students that asked them to name the top five tech companies they desired to work for. None of the Silicon Valley companies made the list other than Salesforce. Indianapolis is the second largest Salesforce office outside of San Francisco. The rest of the companies our students named were companies like DMI and Zylo that people in Silicon Valley don’t hear about but are doing very well in the Midwest. Their friends work there. They’re a fabric of the community. If we really want to create job opportunities for the rest of America, we cannot adopt the Silicon Valley mindset.n

    Kenzie Academy co-Founder and CEO Chok Ooi.

    Kenzie Academy co-founder and CEO Chok Ooi.n

    So how do you evaluate technical aptitude and critical thinking in the admissions process? What’s that process look like, and how has it evolved over the last couple of years? What have you learned in order to make that more effective?n

    Prior to founding Kenzie, I started a company nine years ago called AglityIO. The model for AgilityIO was similar to companies like Andela. We were trying to solve the talent crunch in the Bay Area by recruiting and training people with the raw talent in Vietnam. Today, that company works with Google, Uber, NerdWallet, Meetup.com and 150 other tech companies. So Iu2019ve experience in developing processes to identify raw talent in this context.n

    As people are doing the online assessments, we collect data points of how long it takes for them to solve the problem, what their different decision points are and things like that. Then as they get enrolled in Kenzie, we continue to collect attendance data, grades, and then placement data and use that to look at success and failure cases. We constantly refine our assessment.n

    Are you seeing any particular pattern or cluster in the applications youu2019re receiving or the candidates youu2019re accepting in terms of prior field of employment or aspect of their background?

    “,”protected”:false},”excerpt”:{“rendered”:”

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